Essentials of Domestic Animal Embryology472 pagesCopyright 2010Saunders Ltd. TitleISBN: 9780702028991Description
This reference on veterinary embryology covers general embryology, i.e. the development from the formation of the gametes over fertilization and initial embryogenesis up to the stage where organ formation is initiated, and special embryology, i.e. the development of the organ systems. Moreover, the book also includes a section on teratology, one on assisted reproductive technologies and one on veterinary and societal aspects. Written with the veterinary student in mind, this textbook is written in an accessible style with high quality colour illustrations and line drawings.
CONTENTSINTRODUCTION & GENERAL PRINCIPLES1 Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Morphogenesis• Cell proliferation: Cell cycle, differentiation, regulation• Cell demise: Apoptosis• Cytoskeleton/Extracellular Matrix/Cell-Matrix interactions• Morphogenesis & Patterning2 Comparative Gestation• Distinctions of the Early Embryo, Embryonic and Fetal Periods of Gestation• Species Variations Effecting Gestation Length: Companion, Domestic, Wildlife and Laboratory Animals• Reproductive Cycles: Hormones, Estrous, Organs, Seasonal• Fecundity: Survival Strategies, Conception RatesDIFFERENTIATION OF GERM LAYERS3. Gametogenesis• Mitosis/Meiosis• Oogenesis• Spermatogenesis• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases4. Fertilization• Acrosome Reaction• Sperm-Zona Pellucida Interactions• Gamete Fusion• Blocks to Polyspermy• Syngamy and Embryo Activation• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases5. Embryo Cleavage and Blastulation• Polarity, Compaction and Cavitation• Embryonic Disc, Primitive Streak and Formation of the Bilaminar Embryo• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases6. Gastrulation, Body Folding and Coelom Formation• Notocord, Neural Tube and Segmentation• Differentiation of Ectoderm, Mesoderm and Endoderm• Body Folding, Coelom Formation and Lung Development• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases7. Development of the Peripheral Nervous System• Spinal Cord and Motor/Sensory Innervation• Somite Development8. Comparative Placentation• Extraembryonic Membranes: Amnion, Yolk Sac, Allantois, Chorion• Placental Strategies: Choriovitelline, Chorioallantoic• Species Variations• Veterinary Clinical Applications/CasesSYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT9. Development of the Limbs• Limb Bud Formation• Apical Ectodermal Ridge• Development of the Appendicular Skeleton, Musculature, Vasculature and Innervation• Differentiation of Distal Appendages: Digit Formation• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases10. Development of the Heart• Primitive Heart Tube Formation• Development of Heart Chambers and Valves• Development of the Conduction System• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases11. Development of the Vascular System• Formation of the Aortic Arches and the Arterial System• Development of the Vitelline, Umbilical and Cardinal Venous System• The Coronary Vasculature• Circulatory changes at Parturition• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases12. Development of the Gastrointestinal System• The Enteric Canal• Stomach, Pancreas, Liver and Spleen• Development of Peritoneum and Formation of Mesenteries• Rotation and Fixation of the Midgut• Differentiation of the Large Bowel• Septation and Differentiation of the Cloaca• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases13. Development of the Urogenital System• Pronephros Differentiation• Development of the Mesonephric and Metanephric Kidneys• Urogenital Ridge and Gonad Development• Development of the Urogentital Duct Systems and External Genitalia• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases14. Development of the Head and Neck• Development of the Skull and Vertebrae• Differentiation of Pharyngeal Arch Structures and Pouch Derivatives• Development of the Palate, Tongue and Pituitary• Development of Facial Structures• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases15. Development of the Brain and Cranial Nerves• Regional Differentiation and Functional Relationships• Development of the Ventricular System• Development and Function of the Cranial Nerves• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases16. Development of the Eyes and Ears• Formation of the Ear• Formation of the Eye• Veterinary Clinical Applications/Cases17. Development of the Integumentary System• Differentiation of the Epidermis and Dermis• Development of Epidermal Glands including Mammary Glands• Formation of Hair and Teeth• Veterinary Clinical Applications/CasesCLINICAL AND APPLIED SYSTEMS18. Teratology• Genetic & Congenital• Critical Periods & Teratogenic Agents• Maternal/Fetal Interactions• Specie-Specific Manifestations19. Assisted Reproductive Technologies• Artificial Insemination and Embryo/Gamete Transfer (ET,GIFT, ZIFT, etc)• Cryopreservation of Germplasm• In Vitro Maturation, Fertilization and Embryo Production• Embryo Micromanipulation: Splitting, ICSI, Transgenics, Embryonic Stem Cells/ Chimeras, Cloning20. Applied Embryology: Veterinary and Societal Issues• The Role of the Veterinarian• Contemporary IssuesAdditional Reading - ReferencesGlossaryIndex
By Poul Hyttel, DVM, PhD, DVSc, Professor, Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Fred Sinowatz, Dr.med vet, Dr.med, Dr.habil, Professor, Institute of Veterinary Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, LMU Munich, Germany, Morten Vejlsted, DVM, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Large Animal Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark and Keith Betteridge, BVSc, MVSc, PhD, FRCVS, University Professor Emeritus, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada