Approx. 2500 pagesTrim Size 8 1/2 X 11 1/5 inCopyright 2011Hardcover, ReferenceAcademic Press TitleISBN: 9780123745453
Fish form an extremely diverse group of vertebrates. At a conservative estimate at least 40% of the world's vertebrates are fish. On the one hand they are united by their adaptations to an aquatic environment and on the other they show a variety of adaptations to differing environmental conditions - often to extremes of temperature, salinity, oxygen level and water chemistry. They exhibit an array of behavioural and reproductive systems. Interesting in their own right, this suite of adaptive physiologies provides many model systems for both comparative vertebrate and human physiologists.This four volume encyclopedia covers the diversity of fish physiology in over 300 articles and provides entry level information for students and summary overviews for researchers alike.Broadly organised into four themes, articles cover Functional, Thematic, and Phylogenetic Physiology, and Fish GenomicsFunctional articles address the traditional aspects of fish physiology that are common to all areas of vertebrate physiology including: Reproduction, Respiration, Neural (Sensory, Central, Effector), Endocrinology, Renal, Cardiovascular, Acid-base Balance, Osmoregulation, Ionoregulation, Digestion, Metabolism, Locomotion, and so on.Thematic Physiology articles are carefully selected and fewer in number. They provide a level of integration that goes beyond the coverage in the Functional Physiology topics and include discussions of Toxicology, Air-breathing, Migrations, Temperature, Endothermy, etc.Phylogenetic Physiology articles bring together information that bridges the physiology of certain groupings of fishes where the knowledge base has a sufficient depth and breadth and include articles on Ancient Fishes, Tunas, Sharks, etc.Genomics articles describe the underlying genetic component of fish physiology and high light their suitability and use as model organisms for the study of disease, stress and physiological adaptations and reactions to external conditions.
Functional Morphology of the Nervous System: An IntroductionCranial and Spinal Nerves of Fishes: Evolution of the Craniate PatternFunctional Morphology of the Brains of AgnathansFunctional Morphology of the Brains of Cartilaginous FishesFunctional Morphology of the Brains of Ray-Finned FishesFunctional Morphology of the Brains of Sarcopterygian Fishes: Lungfishes and LatimeriaMotor Control Systems of FishPhysiology of the Mauthner Cell: Discovery and PropertiesPhysiology of the Mauthner Cell: FunctionAutonomic Nervous System of FishesOpioids and Opioid Receptors in FishesVision in Fishes: An IntroductionPhysiological Optics in FishesPhotoreceptors and Visual PigmentsAdaptations of Photoreceptors and Visual PigmentsInner Retina and Ganglion CellsOptic TectumBehavioral Assessment of the Visual Capabilities of FishColor Vision and Color Communication in Reef FishExtraretinal PhotoreceptionVisual Adaptations to the Deep SeaChemoreception (Smell and Taste): An IntroductionMorphology of the Gustatory (Taste) System in FishesMorphology of the Olfactory (Smell) System in FishesNeurophysiology of OlfactionNeurophysiology of GustationChemosensory BehaviorFish Bioacoustics: An IntroductionVestibular System Anatomy and Physiology Auditory System Morphology The Ear and Hearing in Sharks, Skates, and RaysBiomechanics of the Inner Ear in FishesPsychoacoustics: What Fish HearAuditory/Lateral Line CNS: AnatomyPhysiology of the Ear and Brain: How Fish HearSound Source Localization and Directional Hearing in FishesEffects of Human-Generated Sound on FishAcoustic BehaviorVocal Behavior of Fishes: Anatomy and PhysiologyLateral Line NeuroethologyLateral Line Structure Detection and Generation of Electric Signals in Fishes: An IntroductionMorphology of Electroreceptive Sensory OrgansPhysiology of Ampullary Electrosensory SystemsPhysiology of Tuberous Electrosensory SystemsActive ElectrolocationElectric OrgansGeneration of Electric SignalsDevelopment of Electroreceptors and Electric OrgansFunctional Anatomy of Bones, Muscle, and Skin: An IntroductionCartilaginous Fish Skeletal AnatomyCartilaginous Fish Skeletal TissuesBony Fish SkeletonCartilaginous Fishes Cranial MusclesBony Fish Cranial MusclesThe Many Functions of Fish IntegumentFunctional Morphology of the Integumentary System in FishesColoration and Chromatophores in FishesBioluminescence in FishesHagfish SlimeBuoyancy, Locomotion, and Movement in Fishes: An IntroductionBouyancy in FishesSwimbladder Function and Buoyancy Control in FishesExperimental Hydrodynamics Undulatory Swimming Functional Properties of Skeletal Muscle: Work Loops Paired Fin SwimmingManeuverability Stability and TurbulenceFast StartFeeding Mechanics Biomimetics: Robotics Based on Fish Swimming The Diversity of Fish Reproduction: An IntroductionAnatomy and Histology of Fish TestisRegulation of SpermatogenesisVitellogenesis in FishesLinking Fish Behavior and Physiology: An IntroductionDominance BehaviorsSexual Behavior in FishSocially Controlled Sex Change in FishesParental Care in FishesNutritional Provision During Parental CareHow Fishes Use Sound: Quiet to Loud and Simple to Complex SignallingCommunication Behavior: Visual SignalsShocking Comments: Electrocommunication in Teleost FishFish Learning and MemoryNociception or Pain in FishSpatial Orientation: How do Fish Find their Way Around?Magnetic Sense in FishesCircadian Rhythms in FishA Survival Guide for Fishes: How to Obtain Food While Avoiding Being FoodEffects of Compensatory Growth on Fish BehaviorTemperature Preference: Behavioral Responses to Temperature in FishesBehavioral Responses to HypoxiaSleep in FishManipulation of Fish Phenotype by ParasitesAnthropogenic Influences on Fish BehaviorRespiration: An IntroductionPlasticity in Gill MorphologyGill Respiratory MorphometricsThe Effect of Exercise on RespirationEfficiency of Gas Exchange OrgansRespiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Models and MechanismsRespiratory Gas Exchange During Development: Respiratory TransitionsTechniques in Whole Animal Respiratory PhysiologyGeneration of the Respiratory Rhythm in FishThe Ventilatory Response to CO2/H+ Oxygen Sensing in FishRed Blood Cell Function HemoglobinO2 Uptake and Transport: The Optimal P50Carbonic Anhydrase in Gas Transport and ExchangeCarbon Dioxide Transport and ExcretionGas Transport and Exchange: Interaction Between O2 and CO2 ExchangeEvolution of the Bohr EffectRoot Effect: Root Effect Definition, Functional Role in Oxygen Delivery to the Eye and SwimbladderRoot Effect: Molecular Basis, Evolution of the Root Effect and Rete SystemsHemoglobin Differentiation in FishesCellular RespirationMitochondrial RespirationSpecializations in Mitochondrial Respiration of FishThe Circulatory System: An IntroductionCirculatory System Design: Roles and PrinciplesCellular Composition of the BloodErythropoiesis in FishesCardiac Anatomy in FishesCellular Ultrastructure of Cardiac Cells in FishesThe Outflow Tract from the HeartPhysiology of Cardiac PumpingAction Potential of the Fish HeartCardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Routes of Cellular Calcium Flux Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling: Calcium and the Contractile ClementCardiac Cellular Length-Tension Relationship Intracardiac Neurons and Neurotransmitters in Fish Accessory Hearts in FishesThe Coronary CirculationAnatomical Pathways and PatternsBranchial AnatomyPhysiology of Resistance VesselsPhysiology of Capacitance VesselsThe RetiaThe Gastrointestinal CirculationCapillaries, Capillarity, and AngiogenesisCirculatory Fluid Balance and Transcapillary ExchangeSecondary Circulation and Lymphatic AnatomyIntegrated Control of the Circulatory SystemCentral Control of Cardiorespiratory Interactions in FishHormone Metabolism in the CirculationIntegrated Responses of the Circulatory System to TemperatureIntegrated Responses of the Circulatory System to DigestionIntegrated Cardiovascular Responses of Fish to SwimmingIntegrated Responses of the Circulatory System to HypoxiaThe Gastrointestinal Tract: An IntroductionGut AnatomyPancreasDevelopment of Fish GutGut MotilityGut Secretion and DigestionIntestinal AbsorptionBarrier Function of the GutNervous System of the GutEndocrine Systems of the GutOsmoregulation in Fishes: An IntroductionMechanisms of Gill Salt Secretion in Marine TeleostsMechanisms of Ion Transport in Freshwater FishesWater Balance and AquaporinOsmosensingMorphology of Branchial IonocytesThe Osmorespiratory CompromiseHistology of the Kidney The Kidney Gut Ion, Osmotic, and Acid-Base RegulationDogfish Rectal GlandExcretion of AmmoniaUreotelismDevelopment of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Interrenal AxisPituitary Gland or HypophysisThe Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation in Teleost FishCorticosteroidsEndocrinology of Fish GrowthEndocrine Control of Sex Differentiation in FishEndocrine Regulation of Fish ReproductionControl of Appetite in FishHormone Response to StressCatecholaminesStress Effect on Growth and MetabolismImpact of Stress in Health and ReproductionHormonal PheromonesEnergetics: An IntroductionGeneral Energy MetabolismPhysiological Functions that Scale to Body Mass in FishEnergetics of Prey Capture: From Foraging Theory to Functional MorphologyEnergetics of Foraging Decisions and Prey HandlingDigestive EfficiencyCost of Digestion and AssimilationDietary Requirements of Fish Under Culture ConditionsEnergetics of GrowthGrowth: Environmental EffectsEnergetics of Fish SwimmingCellular Energy Utilization: Environmental Influences on MetabolismApplied Aspects of Fish Swimming PerformanceBioenergetic Models in Aquaculture SettingsBioenergetic Models in EcosystemsGeneral Principles of Biochemical AdaptationsEffects of Temperature: An IntroductionMeasures of Thermal ToleranceProteins and TemperatureMitochondria and TemperatureTemperature and Excitable MembranesMembranes and Temperature: Homeoviscous AdaptationHeat Shock Proteins and TemperatureEffects of Climate ChangeThe Expanding Hypoxic EnvironmentRespiratory Responses to Hypoxia in FishesAnaerobic Metabolism In FishMetabolic Rate Suppression as a Mechanism for Surviving HypoxiaHagfishesLampreys: Energetics and Development Lampreys: Environmental Physiology Physiology of Sturgeon Physiology of Sharks, Skates, and RaysZebrafishCrucian CarpLife in Hot Water: The Desert PupfishBlind CavefishThe Biology, Diversity, and Natural History of Air-Breathing Fishes: An IntroductionRespiratory Adaptations for Air-Breathing FishesCirculatory Adaptations for Air-Breathing FishesAn Introduction to the Biology of Pelagic FishesPhysiology of Tuna Endothermy in Tunas, Billfishes, and SharksThe Biology of Fish MigrationTracking Oceanic FishEel MigrationsPacific Salmon Migration: Completing the CycleDeep-Sea FishesIntertidal HabitatsCulture of Fish Cell LinesPigment Genes and Cancer GenesEvolution of Fish GenomesFish as Model Organisms for Medical ResearchTransgenesis and Chromosome Manipulation in FishPhysiology of Triploid FishGrowth Hormone Overexpression in Transgenic FishMolecular and Chromosomal Aspects of Sex DeterminationMolecular Fish Pathology (Virology)Germ Cell Migration and Trans SexGlobal Gene Expression Profiling in FishThe Toxicology of Metals in FishesThe Toxicology of Organics in FishesThe Effects of Toxicants on Olfaction in FishesPhysiology of Fish in Culture Environments
Anthony P. Farrell, Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada