Information on common dermatological complaints is offered in different ways to meet a variety of needs. Firstly a problem-orientated perspective is provided, and then a disease-based perspective looking at what underlying problems cause particular diseases. This is followed by a section that looks at dermatological disease by anatomical location, and a section that outlines different treatments.
This book is ideal for veterinary students, new practitioners and established professionals who need a quick refresher.
Chapter 1. Terminology and Glossary.
Chapter 2. Lesions.
Chapter 3. Investigation and Diagnosis.
3.2 Clinical examination.
3.3 Examination for ectoparasites.
3.5 Skin biopsies.
3.6 Fungal examination.
3.7 Examinations for bacteria and yeasts.
3.8 Allergy testing.
3.9 Tests for endocrine disease.
Section 2: Problem-Orientated Approach.
Chapter 4. The Pruritic Patient.
4.1 Causes of pruritus.
4.2 The pruritic dog.
4.3 The more mature patient.
4.4 The pruritic cat.
4.5 Clinical approach to the pruritic cat.
Chapter 5. The Scaling Patient.
5.1 Mild scaling.
5.2 Primary scaling problems.
5.3 Secondary scaling problems.
5.4 The most common cause of scaling conditions are parasites.
5.5 Localisation of scaling disorders.
5.7 Bacterial and yeast infections.
5.8 Systemic disease.
5.9 Endocrine disease.
5.10 Mild scaling.
5.11 And non-responsive scaling dermatoses or those with an unusual presentation where scaling is the most prominent clinical sign.
5.12 Immune-mediated disease.
5.13 Primary genetic scaling disorders.
5.14 Hypersensitivity dermatitis.
5.15 Treatment of scaling disorders.
Chapter 6. The Alopecic Patient.
6.1 Congenital or acquired hairloss.
6.2 Pattern alopecias.
6.3 Traumatic hairloss.
6.4 Inflammatory hairloss.
6.5 Screen for alopecia due to systemic disease.
6.6 Paraneoplastic alopecia.
6.7 Endocrine alopecia.
6.9 Non-endocrine alopecias.
6.10 Long-term palliative treatment is usually necessary in alopecic skin conditions to address secondary complications.
Chapter 7. Management of Diseases Presenting with Spots (Papules, Pustules, Vesicles and Bullae).
7.1 Young animals.
7.2 Severe/recurrent or persistent lesions.
7.3 Investigation of papular disease.
7.4 Investigation of vesicular disease.
7.5 Investigation of pustular disease.
Chapter 8. Approach to Changes in Pigmentation.
8.1 Changes in pigmentation may be generalised or may be localised in specific patterns.
8.2 Secondary changes in pigmentation should be differentiated from primary changes.
8.3 Generalised hyperpigmentation may occur in some endocrine and non-endocrine conditions.
8.4 Pigmentary change may be benign and/or transient.
8.5 Loss of pigmentation of the skin.
8.6 Reddening of the skin.
8.7 Increase in pigmentation.
8.8 Loss of pigmentation of hair coat.
8.9 Early histopathological examination is essential.
8.10 Some lesions cannot always be definitively diagnosed on biopsy.
Chapter 9. Management of Raised and Ulcerative Skin Lesions.
9.1 Papular pustular and vesicular disease.
9.2 Eosinophilic granuloma complex.
9.3 Cytology or histopathology.
9.4 Treatment of neoplastic disease.
9.5 Raised lesions due to micro-organisms.
9.6 Definitive diagnosis reached.
9.7 Chronic inflammatory and bacteria/fungal lesions.
Section 3: Aetiological Approach.
Chapter 10. Diseases Caused by Ectoparasites.
10.4 Guinea pigs.
10.5 Other mites and lice of rabbits, mice and gerbils.
Chapter 11. Skin Disease Caused by Micro-organisms.
11.1 Bacterial infections.
11.2 Fungal infections.
11.3 Malassezia dermatitis.
11.4 Skin diseases caused by viruses.
Chapter 12. Hypersensitivity Dermatitis.
12.1 Parasitic hypersensitivity.
12.2 Atopic dermatitis.
12.3 Adverse cutaneous reaction to food.
12.4 Insect bite hypersensitivity.
12.5 Bacterial, fungal and yeast hypersensitivity.
Chapter 13. Management of Immune-Mediated Disease.
13.1 Types of immune-mediated disease.
13.2 The management of immune-mediated disease.
13.3 Specific diseases.
Chapter 14. Endocrine Disease.
14.2 Management of hypothyroidism.
14.3 Less common endocrine diseases with a primary effect on the skin.
14.4 Common endocrine diseases that have a secondary effect on the skin.
14.5 Rare endocrine problems.
Chapter 15. Disorders of the Pilosebaceous Unit (Hair Follicle Disorders).
15.1 Primary hair follicle dysplasias.
15.2 Secondary hair follicle dysplasias.
Chapter 16. Neoplastic Skin Disease.
16.1 Primary skin masses.
16.2 Common types of skin neoplasia.
16.3 Generalised skin neoplasia.
16.4 Metastatic skin neoplasia.
16.5 Paraneoplastic syndromes.
Chapter 17. Other Skin Diseases.
17.1 Metabolic disease.
17.2 Nutritional disease.
17.3 Environmental causes.
17.4 Psychogenic dermatoses.
17.5 Dermatoses of neurological origin.
Section 4: Anatomically Localised Skin Disease.
Chapter 18. The Foot.
18.1 Management of claw disease.
18.2 Management of footpad disease.
Chapter 19. Skin Disease Affecting the Perianal Region.
19.1 Management of perianal skin disease.
Chapter 20. Ear Disease.
20.1 Management of pinnal disease.
20.2 Management of acute otitis externa.
20.3 Management of chronic or recurrent otitis externa.
Chapter 21. Periocular Skin Disease.
21.1 Management of periocular disease.
Chapter 22. Dermatoses Affecting the Muzzle.
22.1 Management of the haired skin of the muzzle.
22.2 Management of diseases affecting the nasal planum.
Chapter 23. Management of Facial Lesions.
Chapter 24. Management of Skin Disease Affecting the Legs.
Chapter 25. Management of Diseases Affecting Mainly the Trunk and Dorsum.
Section 5: Treatment of Skin Diseases.
Chapter 26. Treatment of Primary Skin Disease.
26.2 Treatment of diseases caused by micro-organisms.
26.3 Treatment of hypersensitivity dermatitis.
26.4 Treatment of immune-mediated disease.
26.5 Treatment of endocrine disease.
26.6 Treatments for hair follicle disorders and keratinisation defects (primary scaling disorders, primary seborrhoea).
26.7 Chemotherapeutic agents commonly used in skin neoplasia.
Chapter 27. Treatment of Presenting Signs.
27.1 Management of pruritus.
27.2 Methods of controlling pruritus.
27.3 Bacterial and yeast infections.
Chapter 28. Use and Abuse of Glucocorticoids.
28.2 Dose and formulation.
28.3 Steroid sparing measures.
Chapter 29. Topical Treatments.
29.1 Use of topical preparations.
29.2 Inappropriate use of topical products can be harmful.
29.3 Formulations of topical treatments.
29.4 Creams and ointments.
29.5 Washes and rinses.
29.6 Sprays, spot-ons and line-ons.
29.7 Aural preparations.
Appendix 1. History Form.
Appendix 2. Clinical Examination.
Description of lesions.
Appendix 3. Testing Food Intolerance.
Appendix 4. Advice on the Use of Medicinal Products.
Appendix 5. Safe Use of Glucocorticoids.
Appendix 6. Side-Effects Seen When Steroids are Given.
Judith Joyce BVetMed, Cert SAD, MRCVS, has put her 28 years of small animal dermatology experience into this highly practical book. She currently works at the Croft Veterinary Hospital, Northumberland, UK, and is responsible for first opinion dermatology service throughout the practice as well as seeing dermatology referrals from surrounding practices. .