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소화/영양/피부학 > 피부학 > Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology

 
Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology
상품명 : Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology
제조회사 : Wiley-Blackwell|
원산지 : USA
적립금액 : 5,640원
소비자가 : 188,000
판매가격 : 188,000원
수량 EA
 
배송조건 : (조건)
   
 

Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology



Kimberly S. Coyner (Editor)

ISBN: 9781119226307 

July 2019 

Wiley-Blackwell

512 Pages



Description


Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology presents more than a thousand high-quality color photographs depicting common dermatologic diseases and conditions, making it easy for clinicians to quickly evaluate and accurately identify clinical dermatologic lesions. Easy-to-use charts of dermatologic diseases provide differential diagnoses and treatments, helping practitioners to quickly find the most common differential diagnoses, perform appropriate diagnostics, and treat their patients.

Written by experienced veterinary dermatologists, the book begins with chapters on essential dermatologic diagnostics and identification and interpretation of skin lesions, featuring pictorial illustrations with commentary of the most common causes.  Diagnostic algorithms for pruritus and alopecia simplify the workup of these very common presenting symptoms, and easily referenced tables detail the presentation, diagnosis, and management of hundreds of skin diseases.  The book also offers a dermatologic formulary including systemic and topical therapies. 

  • Provides more than 1200 images showing the most encountered dermatologic conditions in dogs and cats
  • Includes easy-to-interpret charts of differential diagnoses and treatments
  • Offers diagnostic and treatment algorithms for the most common skin diseases in dogs and cats
  • Presents details of the presentation, diagnosis, and management of hundreds of skin diseases in tables for quick reference
  • Features video clips on a companion website demonstrating dermatologic diagnostic techniques, including skin scrapings and cytology, aspiration of skin masses for cytology, and biopsy 

Offering fast access to practical information for diagnosing and treating dermatologic disease in small animal practice, Clinical Atlas of Canine and Feline Dermatology is an essential book for any small animal practitioner or veterinary student.



Table of contents


List of contributors xv

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

About the companion website xxi


1 Dermatology diagnostics 1

1.1 Skin scrapings 1

1.2 Cytology – Skin and ear 4

1.3 Cytology – Mass aspirates 6

1.4 Trichograms 8

1.5 Dermatophyte culture technique 15

1.6 Wood’s lamp examination 15

1.7 Dermatophyte culture medium selection and incubation 16

1.8 Identification of dermatophytes 16

1.9 Dermatophyte PCR 18

1.10 Bacterial culture 19

1.11 Skin biopsies 19

1.12 Allergy testing 22


2 Dermatology lesions and differential diagnoses 23

2.1 Primary lesions 23

2.1.1 Macule/Patch 23

2.1.2 Papule/pustule 23

2.1.3 Plaque 26

2.1.4 Vesicle/bulla 27

2.1.5 Wheal 28

2.1.6 Nodule 29

2.1.7 Cyst 30

2.2 Primary or secondary lesions 31

2.2.1 Alopecia 31

2.2.2 Scale 34

2.2.3 Crust 35

2.2.4 Follicular cast 36

2.2.5 Comedo (Comedones) 36

2.2.6 Pigment change 37

2.3 Secondary lesions 40

2.3.1 Epidermal collarette 40

2.3.2 Scar 40

2.3.3 Excoriation 41

2.3.4 Erosion 42

2.3.5 Ulcer 42

2.3.6 Lichenification 43

2.3.7 Callus 44

2.3.8 Fissure 44


3 Lesion location and differentials 47

3.1 Face 47

3.1.1 Nasal planum 47

3.1.2 Lips/Eyelids 47

3.1.3 Muzzle 49

3.2 Ears 56

3.2.1 Pinnal margin 56

3.2.2 Pinna 57

3.2.3 Outer ear canal 57

3.3 Paws 60

3.3.1 Interdigital 60

3.3.2 Palmar metacarpal/plantar metatarsal 63

3.3.3 Paw pad 63

3.3.4 Nailbed 65

3.4 Claws 66

3.5 Perianal/perivulvar 67

3.6 Tail 68

3.7 Pressure points (elbows/hocks) 69

3.8 Trunk (dorsal and/or lateral) 70

3.9 Inguinal/axillary 78

3.10 Oral cavity 81


4 Causes and workup for pruritus in dogs and cats 85

Algorithm 4.1 Pruritic dog – Causes/Workup 86

Algorithm 4.2 Pruritic cats – Causes/Workup 87


5 Causes and workup for alopecia in dogs and cats 89

Algorithm 5.1 Canine non‐inflammatory truncal alopecia – Causes/Workup 90

Algorithm 5.2 Canine multifocal alopecia – Causes/Workup 91

Algorithm 5.3 Feline alopecia – Causes/Workup 92


6 Breed‐related dermatoses 93

Table 6.1 Canine breed‐related dermatoses 93

Table 6.2 Feline breed‐related dermatoses 107


7 Parasitic skin diseases 111

Table 7.1 Canine and feline ectoparasites 112

Demodex 112

Sarcoptes 113

Notoedres 114

Otodectes 114

Cat fur mite 114

Cheyletiella 114

Lice 115

Chiggers 115

Hookworm Dermatitis 115

Cuterebra 115

Myiasis 115

Fly bite dermatitis 116

Pelodera dermatitis 116

Dracunculiasis 116

Spider bite 116

Fleas 117

Ticks 117

Table 7.2 Flea control product options 130

Table 7.3 Tick control product options 130


8 Bacterial, fungal, oomycete, and algal infections 133

Table 8.1 Superficial bacterial skin infections 133

Impetigo 133

Pyotraumatic dermatitis 133

Intertrigo 133

Mucocutaneous pyoderma 133

Bacterial overgrowth syndrome 134

Bacterial folliculitis 134

Algorithm 8.1 Approach to chronic recurrent bacterial pyoderma 143

Table 8.2 Deep bacterial skin infections 144

Bacterial furunculosis 144

Canine acne 144

Callus furunculosis 144

Acral lick dermatitis 144

Pedal folliculitis/furunculosis 145

Post‐grooming furunculosis 145

Table 8.3 Meticillin resistance 150

Table 8.4 Underlying causes for recurrent pyoderma 152

Table 8.5 Commonly used antibiotics for canine pyoderma 152

Table 8.6 Topical antibacterial products 153

Table 8.7 Subcutaneous bacterial infections 154

Subcutaneous abscess 154

Botryomycosis 155

Cellulitis 155

Necrotizing fasciitis 155

Actinomycosis 155

Nocardiosis 156

Plague 156

L‐form infection 156

Table 8.8 Mycobacterial infections 159

Non‐tuberculous mycobacteria 159

Feline leprosy 160

Canine leproid granuloma 160

Obligate mycobacterial infections/tuberculosis 161

Table 8.9 Yeast infections 164

Malassezia 164

Candida 165

Table 8.10 Dermatophytosis 170

Table 8.11 Environmental decontamination in dermatophytosis 180

Algorithm 8.2 Treatment of generalized dermatophytosis 181

Table 8.12 Deep fungal, oomycete, and algal infections 182

Blastomycosis 182

Cryptococcosis 182

Histoplasmosis 183

Coccidioidomycosis 184

Sporotrichosis 184

Phaeohyphomycosis 185

Pythiosis 185

Lagenidiosis 186

Zygomycosis 187

Protothecosis 187


9 Viral, rickettsial, and protozoal dermatologic diseases 199

Table 9.1 Viral dermatologic diseases 200

Feline herpesvirus dermatitis 200

Feline calicivirus dermatitis 201

Viral papillomas – Dogs/Cats 201

Cowpox virus 203

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) 203

Canine distemper 203

Table 9.2 Rickettsial diseases 208

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever 208

Ehrlichiosis 208

Table 9.3 Protozoal diseases 210

Leishmaniosis 210

Toxoplasmosis 211


10 Allergic skin diseases in dogs and cats 215

Table 10.1 Hypersensitivity disorders and treatment of allergic skin diseases 216

Algorithm 10.1 Canine atopic dermatitis treatment 231

Table 10.2 Allergy treatment toolkit 232

Table 10.3 Allergy testing: Intradermal and serologic methods 235

Table 10.4 Considerations in allergen formulation 236

Table 10.5 Protocols for allergen specific immunotherapy (ASIT) 237

Table 10.6 Performing an adequate diagnostic hypoallergenic diet trial 239

Table 10.7 Feline manifestations of cutaneous allergy 244

Table 10.8 Eosinophilic granuloma complex 248


11 Autoimmune and immune‐mediated dermatologic disorders 255

Table 11.1 Autoimmune and immune‐mediated dermatologic disorders 256

Discoid lupus erythematosus 256

Pemphigus foliaceus 256

Pemphigus vulgaris 256

Vesicular cutaneous lupus erythematosus 257

Mucocutaneous lupus erythematosus 257

Alopecia areata 257

Uveodermatologic syndrome 257

Autoimmune subepidermal blistering diseases 258

Vasculitis 259

Post‐vaccination injection site alopecia 259

Drug eruption 260

Erythema multiforme 260

Toxic epidermal necrolysis 261

Sterile panniculitis 261

Sterile granuloma/pyogranuloma 261

Juvenile cellulitis 262

Plasma cell pododermatitis 262

Pseudopelade 262

Symmetric lupoid onychitis 263

Nasal arteritis 263

Metacarpal/metatarsal fistulas 264

Canine sterile neutrophilic dermatitis (Sweet’s‐like syndrome) 264

Canine acute eosinophilic dermatitis with edema (Well’s‐like syndrome) 264

Superficial suppurative necrolytic dermatitis 265

Systemic lupus erythematosus 265

Algorithm 11.1 Treatment of canine pemphigus foliaceus 269

Algorithm 11.2 Treatment of feline pemphigus foliaceus 270

Table 11.2 Typical glucocorticoid doses for treatment of autoimmune and immune‐mediated disorders 286

Table 11.3 Non‐steroidal immunosuppressant or immunomodulatory drugs as adjunctive or primary treatments of autoimmune/immune‐mediated diseases 287


12 Endocrine skin diseases 291

Table 12.1 Canine endocrine skin diseases 292

Hypothyroidism 292

Spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism (HAC, Cushing’s disease) 292

Iatrogenic hypercortisolemia 293

Atypical Cushing’s disease (ACD) 293

Food‐induced Cushing’s disease 293

Topical corticosteroid application 293

Pituitary dwarfism 293

Calcinosis cutis 294

Exogenous estrogen‐related alopecia 294

Spontaneous hyperestrogenism 294

Spontaneous hyperandrogenism 295

Tail gland hyperplasia 295

Table 12.2 Trilostane treatment and monitoring 303

Table 12.3 Endocrine skin diseases of cats 304

Hyperthyroidism 304

Hypothyroidism 304

Hyper adrenocorticism (HAC) 304

Feline acquired skin fragility 305

Diabetes mellitus (DM) 305

Acromegaly 305


13 Non‐endocrine alopecia 309

Table 13.1 Non‐endocrine alopecia of dogs 310

Localized Alopecia 310

Post‐clipping alopecia 310

Traction alopecia 310

Congenital follicular/ectodermal dysplasia 310

Regional to Multifocal Alopecia 310

Color dilution alopecia 310

Black hair follicular dysplasia 310

Non‐color, breed‐related follicular dysplasia 310

Cyclic flank alopecia 311

Pattern alopecia 311

Follicular lipidosis 311

Generalized Alopecia 311

Alopecia X 311

Anagen/telogen effluvium 312

Non‐color breed‐related follicular dysplasia 312

Table 13.2 Non‐endocrine alopecia of cats 318

Congenital hypotrichosis 318

Hair shaft disorder of Abyssinian cats 318

Pili torti 318

Feline preauricular “alopecia” 318

Feline pinnal alopecia 318

Feline psychogenic alopecia 318

Mural folliculitis 319

Mucinotic mural folliculitis 319

Pseudopelade 319

Trichorrhexis nodosa 319

Feline paraneoplastic alopecia 319


14 Diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic otitis 323

14.1 Approach to otitis 323

14.2 Otoscopic examination 323

14.3 Choice of otic medications 323

Algorithm 14.1 Diagnostic and treatment steps for acute otitis externa 324

14.4 Indications for systemic steroid/antibiotic therapy in otitis treatment 326

14.5 Choice of otic cleanser/flushes 326

Algorithm 14.2 Diagnostic and treatment steps for chronic otitis 327

14.6 Educate owners on how to correctly use ear flushes 328

14.7 Diagnosis and treatment of otitis media 330

14.8 When to refer for surgery 333

14.9 Ototoxicity 333

Table 14.1 Ototoxic agents 336


15 Metabolic/nutritional/keratinization dermatologic disorders 345

Table 15.1 Keratinization, metabolic, and nutritional disorders 346

Seborrhea (secondary) 346

Vitamin A responsive dermatosis 346

Sebaceous adenitis 346

Schnauzer comedo syndrome 347

Nasodigital hyperkeratosis 348

Callus 348

Xeromycteria 349

Ear margin dermatosis 349

Canine acne 349

Feline acne 350

Zinc responsive dermatosis 350

Necrolytic migratory erythema 351

Exfoliative dermatitis associated with thymoma 351

Xanthomas 352

Split paw pad disease 352


16 Congenital/hereditary dermatologic disorders 363

Table 16.1 Congenital/hereditary dermatologic disorders 364

Primary seborrhea 364

Idiopathic facial dermatitis of Persian and Himalayan cats 364

Ichthyosis 365

Nasal parakeratosis of Labrador Retrievers 365

Dermatomyositis 365

Congenital alopecia 366

Cutaneous asthenia (Ehlers Danlos) 366

Mucinosis 366

Urticaria pigmentosa 367

Ulcerative nasal dermatitis of Bengal cats 367

Dermoid sinus 367

Acrodermatitis 367

Acral mutilation syndrome 368

Congenital keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and ichthyosiform dermatosis in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) 368

Exfoliative cutaneous lupus erythematous 368

Epidermolysis bullosa 368


17 Pigmentary dermatologic disorders 375

Table 17.1 Pigmentary dermatologic disorders 376

Lentigo 376

Acquired hormone‐associated 376

Acquired post‐inflammatory hyperpigmentation 376

Vitiligo 377

Nasal hypopigmentation “snow nose” 377

Nasal hypopigmentation “Dudley nose” 377

Acquired aurotrichia 377

“Dalmatian bronzing” syndrome 377


18 Environmental skin disorders 385

Table 18.1 Environmental skin disorders 386

Solar dermatitis 386

Burns 387

Radiant heat dermatitis 389

Frostbite 389

Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) 389

Grass awns/burs 390

Post traumatic alopecia 390

Hygroma 391

Pressure sore 391


19 Skin tumors 401

Table 19.1 Benign and malignant skin tumors in dogs and cats 402

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) 402

Bowenoid in situ carcinoma 402

Basal cell carcinoma 403

Sebaceous gland tumors 403

Follicular tumors 404

Dilated pore of Winer 405

Follicular cyst 405

Cutaneous horn 405

Apocrine gland tumors 406

Feline ceruminous (apocrine) cystomatosis 407

Perianal gland tumors 407

Apocrine gland tumors of anal sac origin 407

Lipoma 408

Infiltrative lipomas 408

Liposarcoma 408

Mast cell tumor 409

Fibroma 409

Dermatofibroma 409

Nodular dermatofibrosis 410

Acrochordon 410

Mammary tumors 410

Hemangioma 411

Hemangiosarcoma 412

Cutaneous progressive angiomatosis 412

Hemangiopericytoma 413

Lymphangioma 413

Lymphangiosarcoma 413

Fibrosarcoma 413

Cutaneous epitheliotropic lymphoma 414

Cutaneous non‐epitheliotropic lymphoma 415

Feline cutaneous lymphocytosis 415

Plasmacytoma 415

Melanocytoma 416

Malignant melanoma 416

Canine cutaneous histiocytoma 417

Canine reactive cutaneous histiocytosis 417

Canine systemic histiocytosis 417

Feline progressive histiocytosis 417

Canine cutaneous langerhans cell histiocytosis 418

Collagenous hamartoma 418

Calcinosis circumscripta 418

Transmissible venereal tumor 419

Feline lung‐digit syndrome 419


20 Dermatology formulary 453

Table 20.1 Systemic antibiotics 454

Table 20.2 Systemic antifungals 458

Table 20.3 Systemic antiviral/antiprotozoal medications 459

Table 20.4 Antihistamines 459

Table 20.5 Systemic glucocorticoids 461

Table 20.6 Non‐steroidal immunomodulating and immunosuppressive drugs 463

Table 20.7 Behavior modifying medications/analgesics 467

Table 20.8 Systemic antiparasitic drugs 468

Table 20.9 Topical antiparasitics 470

Table 20.10 Nutritional supplements/vitamins/retinoids 471

Table 20.11 Non‐glucocorticoid hormones 472

Table 20.12 Topical non‐steroidal antipruritic therapies 474

Table 20.13 Topical glucocorticoids 475

Table 20.14 Topical antimicrobials/otics 475

Table 20.15 Topical antiseborrheics 477

Table 20.16 Topical immunomodulators and retinoids 477

Index 479



About the Author

 

Kimberly S. Coyner, DVM, DACVD, is a veterinary dermatologist at Dermatology Clinic for Animals in Lacey, WA and a consultant for the Veterinary Information Network.













 
 
 
 
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